This guide has been written for the Phase 1 Peugeot 205 GTI (1.9l). The Phase 1 cars are the first of 3 distinct phases of the 1.9l GTI produced between 1986 and 1994. Like the Golf GTI, Renault 5 Turbo and several other competitors, the Peugeot 205 obtained cult status during the 80s and 90s and now has a strong following as a classic hot hatch.
This guide provides a detailed overview of the features unique to the Phase 1 cars, allowing a prospective purchaser to assess the originality of a vehicle. We note that the Phase 1 cars broadly fall into 2 distinct groups: (1) Main European market vehicles, and; (2) those exported to countries with high emission regulations including Australia, Japan, Sweden and Switzerland. This guide covers both groups, and for the purposes of simplicity refers to these two groups as "main European market cars" and "export market cars" respectively.
Total 205 GTI production: 294,514 1
This figure relates to GTI production between 1984 and 1994, and includes 1.6l cars. As Phase 1 production of 1.9l cars occurred for a period less than 12 months, it is estimated that these cars account for a small portion of this total figure.
Period of Manufacture:
Phase 1 production commenced in December 1986, however, conflicting discussion exists with respect to when exactly Phase 1 production ended. Evidence (based on inspected vehicles) suggests that Phase 1 production continued until a changeover point in October 1987, after which Phase 1.5 spec vehicles have been sighted (with the chassis prefix beginning "20####", and a new serial number sequence commencing "010####").2 Other than the vehicles sighted, no official factory data has been relied on to draw this conclusion, and if any readers have additional information that can be backed up by a primary source, please contact us.
Please note, this guide has been written based on a variety of books, online sources and enthusiast input. You should not rely on this guide to make any purchasing decision and we make no representation that all information is accurate. You should always seek independent professional advice when looking to purchase a unique car. If you have additional information, photographs or corrections you believe could improve this guide, please contact us.
The following table provides the original paint colours available on the Phase 1 205 GTI:8
|Colour name (EN)||Colour name (FR)||Colour code|
|Alpine White||Blanc Meije||1574 / P0WT|
|Black||Noir||1600 / P3XY|
|Cherry Red/Le Mans Red||Rouge Vallelunga||1607 / P3KB|
|Graphite Grey||Gris Graphite||1584 / M0TW|
|Silver||Gris Futura||1585 / M0TP|
With respect to the paint codes, earlier cars are believed to have had the numeric code applied, before Peugeot moved to the alpha-numeric system. However, we do not have confirmation of when this change occurred. An example of each of the paint colours has been provided in the images. Colours other than red or white were extra cost colours in most markets, explaining the disproportionate number of cars produced in red and white.8
Paint code location:
The colour code for the 205 GTI is located on top of the front bonnet slam panel / cross-member above the left side headlight. The code was painted on cars in the factory using a stencil. See images for a better description of the location and typeface. This may have been lost due to new paint / restoration work, however, we have been advised that these codes were not necessarily painted onto every car. With only 5 colour options on the Phase 1 cars, establishing the original code is a relatively simple process if a code is not present in the location described above.
The Peugeot 205 GTI 1.9l had a chassis number in the following format:9
This is made up of 3 sections:
|1||VF3||World manufacturer identifier|
|3||#######||Unique vehicle serial number|
The Phase 1 205 GTI (1.9) VIN can be interpreted as follows:
|C||3-door saloon / Coupe|
|6||5-speed manual transmission|
|X||Year (H / 0 = 87)|
|#######||The vehicle's unique 7-digit serial / chassis number.|
As Phase 1 cars were 1987 model year vehicles, unique serial numbers commenced at 7330001.
Chassis number location:
The chassis number should be present in two locations:
1. Embossed on the vehicle’s data plate (Riveted to the body, under the hood, you will see the plate just behind the right hand side suspension strut, mounted on the flat area between the suspension strut and firewall).
2. Stamped into the body of the car (On the flat edge of the firewall / bulkhead, directly above the chassis plate, you will find the chassis number stamped into the body, which should match the number provided on the data plate).
Examples of the chassis plate and body stamping are given in the images, including a close up example of the typeface used for the VIN stamping on the body. For further details of the 205 VIN including other non GTI models, see 205gti.info.
The Phase 1 GTI 1.9l cars came with either the XU9JA or XU9J1/Z engine depending on the vehicles market.10 These engines had two tags riveted to the engine block (at the timing belt end), close to where the alternator mounts. The two tags contain relevant numbers to determine the specification of your engine.
Tag 1 provides the engine type code (including capacity and power specification)
Tag 2 provides the engine prefix applicable to the engine type code, and the unique engine number
Main European market engine:
Tag 1: D6B = engine XU9JA 1.9l 130cv.
Tag 2: 1CW44 stamped into the tag, followed by a 7-digit unique engine number for that block stamped below.
Emissions regulated export market engine (Australia, Japan):
Tag 1: DFZ = engine XU9J1/Z 1.9l 105cv / 103hp. This engine was fitted with a catalytic converter to meet stricter emissions regulations in those countries.
Tag 2: 1CW75 stamped into the tag, followed by a 7-digit unique engine number for that block stamped below.
Note, we have not as yet sighted the engine details for vehicles from Switzerland and Sweden, so cannot confirm whether they comply with the same engine numbering as applied to Australian and Japanese cars. Should you have any information on the Swiss/Swedish cars, please contact us.
The Phase 1 205 GTI was fitted with the BE1 transmission.11 This code was cast into the gearbox housing as shown in the images. The BE1 transmission had the reverse gear at the top left position (next to 1st).
There were two different specifications of the BE1 gearbox fitted to Phase 1 cars:
A separate gearbox number was also applied to the gearbox, and was stamped into the gearbox casing. This number defines the specific gearbox specification and ratios applied.
1. Main European market gearbox:
These vehicles have a gearbox number prefixed with either 2BL77 (early gearbox), or 2BN31 (Replaced 2BL77). These gearboxes had a final drive ratio of 3.688:1.
2. Export market gearbox (Australia, Japan, Sweden and Switzerland):
These vehicles had a different gearbox specification fitted, and will have a gearbox number prefixed with either 2BL73 (early gearbox), or 2BN28 (Replaced 2BL73). These gearboxes had a final drive ratio of 3.938:1.
There were several mechanical differences between the main European market cars, and certain export market vehicles. The mechanical specifications of each group have been outlined under each heading below. If any readers are aware of additional differences or general information that can be added in this section, please contact us.
Main European market specifications:12
Export market specifications (Australia, Japan, Sweden, Switzerland):13
Attached is a small collection of original brochures / advertisements for the Phase 1 205 GTI. The intention is to display these here for historical purposes.
If anyone has copies of early documentation (such as brochures, advertisements or specification sheets), please contact us so we can display the information.
Please note, all documentation placed here is not owned by Classic Register, and is for historical reference and educational purposes only. Upon request from any original copyright owner, the material will be removed.
The following sources, among input from many enthusiasts, have contributed to the creation of this page. If you have any further information you believe can be added, please let us know by contacting us or commenting below.
Further resources relied upon: